Cultural relativism and universalism female circumcision

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#1 Cultural relativism and universalism female circumcision

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Cultural relativism and universalism female circumcision

The Guardian newspaper has today launched a campaign to end female genital mutilation FGM. This coincides with evidence that, despite being illegal, a significant number of young women from the UK undergo the practice. Globally, more than million living women have had some form of FGM performed. Female genital mutilation is a classic example feale a practice that is proscribed in some cultures, but permitted in others. The historian Herodotus described the contrasting practices of two cultures towards their dead. The ancient Greeks cremated their dead, while the Callatian Indians would eat the bodies of their deceased fathers. Contrasting world views, like those of the Callatians and dircumcision Greeks, are sometimes thought to support a particular view about morality — that of cultural relativism. Cultural relativism notes that cultures vary in what they regard as right and wrong, standards vary from place to place and over time, there is no universal standard, and consequently it is mistaken to criticize the practices of another culture. According to cultural relativism, FGM is neither right nor wrong. It is wrong according to western standards, but may be permissible according to the values of other societies. There are a Thai amateur teen of arguments against cultural universalismm. As powerfully and persuasively argued by philosopher James Rachels, the basic argument in favour of cultural relativism Milly milf centre logically flawed. The conclusions do not follow from the premises. Furthermore, relativism would give us no ability to criticism anti-semitism in Nazi Germany, nor any reason to think that society had rleativism any moral progress over time for example in banning slavery. Circumcosion is utterly implausible. However, there is another form of cultural relativism that is relevant to debates about FGM. In some cultures FGM is an important rite of passage for young women. The...

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March 10, ; Accepted date: April 14, ; Published date: A Violation of Human Rights. J Pol Sci Pub Aff 4: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Female genital mutilation is a term used to describe a wide range of traditional practices that involves partial or total removal of external female genital for cultural, religious and social reasons. This cultural practice is a violation of human rights of child and women. This article is, therefore, aims at argue against the practice of Female Genital Mutilation. In doing so, the paper divides into three parts. The first part will discuss about the concept, origin, types and rationales of the practice of FGM, and highlight the practice from the Ethiopian experience. The second part will also examine the tension between the Universalist and cultural relativist approaches in regards to the practice of FGM. Universalists argument is against the practice of FGM as a harmful cultural practice that violates human rights of child and women. Whereas cultural relativists are supporting for the continuity of the practice as there is no culture which can evaluate other cultural practices as moral, ethical and valid or not, and as it is performed for the sake of cleaning the vagina of girls and make them ready to marry. The third part, which is the main focus of the paper, will analyses the human rights of child and women that violates by the practice of FGM like the right health, the right equality and sexual and physical integrity. Finally, the paper will end by the concluding remarks of the writers. Like many other concepts, there is some difficulty in defining the...

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Thus, what is right and what is wrong, or moral and immoral, are culturally specific. What may be considered as right in one culture may also be deemed as wrong in another. Since there is no universal standard of morality, it is impossible to judge the customs or beliefs of one society. Human rights, are not culturally relative in any strong sense of that term. Their justification is not based on any particular culture. Neither is their endorsement or practice tied to a particular culture or set of cultures […] Although culture is not particularly relevant to the definition of human rights, it may be central to their reception. Different places at different times will draw on different cultural resources to provide support for human rights. Yes, culture is important to the reception of human rights, but I disagree that human rights, at least as we understand them, are not based on any particular culture. It seems clear from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that what we understand as internationally recognized human rights are based on Western notions of rights. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. But what does it mean to be equal in dignity? Is it possible to be undignified and yet still have a universal right to dignity? Moreover, is what is dignified in one culture undignified in another? If so, is one culture violating human rights? In this video, the narrator describes the painfully cruel experience of FGM that is prevalent in many parts of the world, especially sub-Saharan Africa. FGM is dangerous in many respects. If the female survives the circumcision, in many cases, she will be left with physical...

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Cultural relativism and universalism female circumcision

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Feb 26, - Female Genital Mutilation poses a significant health risk to women. It can lead to infection, death, permanent psychological damage, among. the world that perform Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) or Female. Genital plex dilemma is the notion of “cultural relativism versus universality of human rights. Universalists argument is against the practice of FGM as a harmful cultural practice that violates human rights of child and women. Whereas cultural relativists.

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