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Information on ebony trees related species

This Wood Species series of entries comes to us from guest writer Having twins save money Wilkey, an Atlanta-based woodworker and industrial designer whose expertise is in small home goods, furniture, and large installations. Over the next few articles, we'll be analyzing a number of common imported wood species. This week's featured species:. The name "ebony" is given to a number of species in the Diospyros genus that exhibit an extremely high density and distinct black coloration within the wood. The trees in this category, which grow mainly in the tropical regions of West Africa ebpny Southeast Asia, grow very slowly and don't reach a very large size at maturity. These factors, combined with a high global demand for the lumber, have resulted in many species being overharvested. Ebony is extremely dense and ranges from lbf to lbf on the Janka scale, making it some of the hardest wood in the world. Grain properties vary slightly from species to species, but the wood generally has small, diffuse pores and occasionally interlocked grain. Every species in the ebony family is highly durable and tees resistant, but most suffer from significant shrinkage and seasonal movement. These factors make ebony very difficult to work, and the wood is known to quickly dull tools. Thus, ebony is usually reserved for small and intricate projects such as carvings, musical instruments, and lathe-turned items. A high natural oil content makes the wood difficult to glue, but it responds Nj nudist messageboard to finishes and can be sanded to a very high Big black cock white sluts shine. Although ebony is known for its solid black color, the various species can actually differ greatly in appearance. Gaboon Ebony is a very dark, slightly brownish black and Ceylon Ebony Information on ebony trees related species...

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Dysprosium to Electrophoresis - Electrophoretic Theory. Only the black or brown heartwood is used commercially. There are more than species of ebony, ranging in size from shrubs to trees taller than ft 30 m. Most species of ebony are found in the tropics, but some are found in warm temperate zones. The latter includes the American persimmon Diospyrus virginiana , whose heartwood is not a full black and does not have the extreme density that is so desirable for carving and fine woodwork. Aggressive harvesting of ebony has rendered many species of ebony rare and endangered, and consequently, quite valuable. Plants in the Ebenaceae family have simple, alternate, coriaceous or leathery leaves that are oblong or lanceolate, and vary in length according to species. The flowers are white or greenish-white, with at least four stamens. The globular fruits are sought by animals and humans alike because of their sweetness when ripe. Some indigenous tribes use the fruit to make beer. The leaves and other parts of the tree are used in traditional medicine to treat intestinal parasites , wounds, dysentery , and fever, but laboratory tests have not verified the efficacy of this medicinal usage. The wood of the ebony is so dense, it rapidly dulls tools used for working, sawing, or turning it. Even termites will bypass a fallen ebony log. This density contributes to ebony's commercial appeal, as it results in a finish that will take a high polish, adding to its beauty. The properties, attributed to ebony through both fact and myth, have been recognized for many generations. It has long been a favorite material for carving in Africa. Some rulers in India had scepters made from it, and also used it for their drinking vessels as it was believed to neutralize poisons. Today, ebony is used...

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Heartwood is usually jet-black, with little to no variation or visible grain. Occasionally dark brown or grayish-brown streaks may be present. Grain is usually straight but can also be interlocked. Fine even texture with very high natural luster. Ebony is rated as being very durable, with good resistance to termites and other insects. Can be difficult to work due to its extremely high density. Has a dulling effect on cutters. Tearout may occur on pieces that have interlocked or irregular grain. Finishes well, and polishes to a high luster. Responds well to steam bending. Ebony has a mild, slightly unpleasant odor when being worked. Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Ebony in the Diospyros genus has been reported as a sensitizer. Usually most common reactions simply include eye, skin, and respiratory irritation. Gaboon Ebony is among the most expensive of all available lumbers: The small size of the tree, and its high demand for ornamental work may contribute to its seemingly outlandish price. Macassar striped Ebony , and Black and White Ebony. Wenge and Katalox are two woods that are sometimes used as an ebony substitute. The wood is exceptionally dense, strong, and stiff, though it is considered to have moderate to poor stability through seasonal changes. Due to its high density, you can also view a video showing how Ebony sinks in water. So I searched on line to see where it is grown. I have an all black rescue cat that I named Ebony. Not only is it fitting due to er color, but also because she is stubbornly quite vocal when she wants fed or just wants attention. I acquired 2 nice sized logs from an estate sale. Not sure what type of wood it is. Very, very heavy, very dark, almost black. The fellow now 96...

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Ebony , wood of several species of trees of the genus Diospyros family Ebenaceae , widely distributed in the tropics. The best is very heavy, almost black, and derived from heartwood only. Because of its colour, durability, hardness, and ability to take a high polish, ebony is used for cabinetwork and inlaying, piano keys, knife handles, and turned articles. It was employed by the ancient kings of India for sceptres and images and, because of its supposed antagonism to poison, for drinking cups. Herodotus states that the Ethiopians every three years sent a tribute of logs of ebony to Persia. The best Indian and Ceylon ebony is produced by Diospyros ebenum, which grows in abundance throughout the flat country west of Trincomalee in Sri Lanka. The tree is distinguished by the width of its trunk and its jet-black, charred-looking bark, beneath which the wood is pure white until the heart is reached. The heartwood excels in fineness and in the intensity of its dark colour. Although the centre of the tree alone is used, reduced logs 30 cm to almost 1 m 1 to 3 feet in diameter can be obtained. Much of the East Indian ebony is yielded by the Coromandel ebony, D. Its closeness of grain, great hardness, and fine hazel-brown colour, mottled and striped with black, render it valuable for veneering and furniture making. Jamaica, American, or green ebony is produced by Brya ebenus, a leguminous tree or shrub; the heartwood is rich dark brown, very heavy, exceedingly hard, and capable of receiving a high polish. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its...

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The principal genus, Diospyros, includes both ebony and persimmon trees. Ebony wood, valued from ancient times, is hard and dark; it is extensively used for piano keys and in cabinetmaking, especially the black Macassar ebony of India and the East Indies. Several species notably D. Several other unrelated hardwoods are commonly called ebony. Of the many species in the family bearing edible fruit, the best known are the persimmons. The Japanese persimmon D. The unripe fruit contains tannic acid, a powerful astringent. Soft and pulpy when ripe, persimmons are difficult to market. Large quantities are eaten on the tree by opossums, whence the name possumwood for the tree. Persimmon wood has a limited use in the manufacture of objects e. The ebony family is classified in the division Magnoliophyta , order Ebenales, class Magnoliopsida. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Retrieved July 11, from Encyclopedia. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia. Its major commercial tree is the macassar ebony D. It is valued for woodcarving, cabinetwork, and parts of musical instruments. Home Plants and Animals Plants Plants ebony. Print this article Print all entries for this topic Cite this article. The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright The Columbia University Press. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. Modern Language Association http:

Information on ebony trees related species

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Ebony. Ebony, wood of several species of trees of the genus Diospyros (family Ebenaceae), widely distributed in the tropics. Several species (notably D. hirsuta) that have wood striped with black or with shades of brown are called calamander wood or variegated ebony. Several other unrelated hardwoods are commonly called ebony. Of the many species in the family bearing edible fruit, the best known are the persimmons. Ebony is an evergreen tree that belongs to the ebony family. There are three species of ebony: Ceylon, Gabon and Makassar ebony. They can be found on Sri.

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